The War Powers clause of the Constitution dictates that Congress, and Congress alone, shall have the power to declare war. For it is the gravest decision a nation can ever make, and the Founders were fearful to place this power in the hands of an Executive. By August of 1787, the entire Congress knew that the Constitution governs war; and that Congress would be the ultimate decision-maker in the decision to go to war. Once in war, the Commander in Chief is indeed expected to properly prosecute and manage the war.
But for the last 50 years, unilateral presidential action has been taken to declare war, and the Congress has abdicated its responsibility to do so. Both the Executive and the Legislative branch of government have violated the Constitution.
So the last legally-declared war was World War II, and even then we have a historical concern of the actual circumstances under which the United States joined World War II.
Korea. Vietnam. Cambodia. Panama. Granada. Iraq I. Kosovo. Iraq II. The Congress voted only once to prevent the President from going to war (Kosovo), and once to cut off funding for the Vietnam war.
50 years and how many dead??? For what policy aims?
War has become the tool of politicians, presidents, the parties, the media, the banks—with American lives as cannon fodder.
Is there a Connection?
The interesting connection between the Federal Reserve Act of 1913, the 16th Amendment, and the violation of the War Powers clause of the Constitution comes into sharper view now. Economic downturns–manufactured or not–lead most frequently to war–which then leads to the Fed lending money to the government to line the pockets of supporters pay for the war, which then leads to higher taxes via the revenue generated by the unratified 16th Amendment.
The question now before the Continental Congress 2009 is, ‘what actions must the states and/or federal government take to end the violations of the constitution?
Our policy makers are fools, and the cowards.
Our troops deserve way better than this. 😡
God Bless and Thank You to the US Military.